The basic teachings of Hinduism include:
Karma and Reincarnation
According to the theory of Karma 'Every action and reaction are opposite and equal'. This law applies throughout creation and for every thought and action there is a predetermined effect. This law is intertwined with the the Hindu concept of reincarnation in which individuals are re-born after 'death' so as to continue their spiritual journey to God. A persons karma is 'brought over' from a previous incarnation as a spiritual lesson to be mastered.
Freedom of Spiritual Practice
True Hindus are extremely tolerant of other beliefs and ideologies recognising that from a karmic point of view we are all progressing directly or indirectly towards a spiritual apotheosis.
The necessity of seeking God
According to Hindu philosophy and teaching our manifold problems in life are the result of mistaken priorities in life. Hindus believe that God Realization is the prime purpose for our existence. Through our intimate inner contact with that spiritual essence within we learn not only HOW to exist correctly but eventually - the WHY of existence.
In God-Consciousness we learn the real values in life which promote greater wisdom, love, harmony, peace and joy. The yogi learns to rise above the delusion of materialism and realize his Oneness with the source of All things.
To Enrich ones life
Whatever Hindu denomination, school or tradition one is a member - its surely an enriching experience - full of vibrant colour, gentle counsel, star-beams of wisdom, experiences chiselled by the ages, friendships in many guises, and the joy of inner discipline!
For the Hindu, lifes great challenge is to find that which is most enriching to the body, mind and soul.
Promoting harmony and love
The beauty of Hinduism or Sanatana Dharma is the depth of devotion and love applied to a spiritual cause. This spiritual cause is - God-realization.
The devotee learns through yoga and meditation not only to become at peace with himself but also at peace with his Creator. Intoxicated with the divine presence a true Hindu's only wish is to know God more deeply and to share this infinte love, joy, and wisdom with others. Even those Hindus who havent yet been blessed with experiences of supernal realms in meditation can bless others by working towards this goal in selfless service to others and by promoting greater harmony and love between other races, religions, traditions and beliefs. A Hindu sees all true religions as pathways towards the same goal.
These are a few basic teachings that come to mind and by no means exhausted - hopefully other people might add to the list and help establish a scope of simple workable teachings that others might use as a guide to Sanata Dharma.
The basic teaching of Hinduism is to fulfill 'Dharma' (one's duties and act righteously). One should not ignore family (marriage, children, parents), society, country, and humanity in general. A sage when asked what the eighteen voluminous Puranas written by Sage Vedavyasa teach, replied in this way:
'Ashtadasha puraneshu Vyasasya vachanam dwaya;Paropkaram punyaya, Papaya parapeedanam.'(In the eighteen puranas of Vedavyasa, two sentences are important;To help others is merit, sin is to trouble others.)
Hinduism does not dictate what a person should think about God, that is considered a personal view, 'Mata' (opinion) or 'Pantha' (road). That is why hindus may be polytheists, monotheists, monists, or even atheists. Even in one family, persons may hold different views. In my family, I am an atheist, but all others are polytheists.
(Note: I follow a variation of 'Advaita' (non-duality) which rejects the existence of God)
Advaita " (Nonduality)"Mean all the Universe is mere projection of GOD the Supreme Being, all the differences we see are because of our limited knowledge - Maya/Illusion.
Due to Maya we experience joy or sorrow as we tend to see external difference instead our universal oneness.
Once this illusion OR Maya is removed, we will experience the true bliss and see GOD and his existence in all the creation.
So Hindus are taught to respect all living creatures, human beings and not to harm any of them. There are different Electrical Appliance in existence, but in all of them the same electric current is flowing making them work, so too in all the creatures is mere GOD and HIS projection is working .
The ultimate goal of all living creatures according to Hinduism is this realization.
Each creature is free to choose his own path. All creatures take several births, depending on his effort, until they understand GOD and them merge with HIM .
Hinduism asks each person to make an effort to understand his real nature which is full of GOD's Love and Bliss and ultimately merge with HIM.
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